Purebred Reference Sires

In the above banner photo is a two year-old cow (LR 3-2011 “Sally”) sired by Honey Bear (Tuli), whose dam was sired by Bandito Tres (Red Angus), and whose maternal grand dam was sired by Nocona (Senepol). On this page is background information on and photos of several key purebred bulls (used mostly by AI and to a lesser extent by natural service) whose genetics were considered suitable for developing STAR composite cattle at Lukefahr Ranch. STAR stand for S = Senepol, T = Tuli, and AR = Angus Red.

The following chart has been prepared that shows the current genetic lineage of Star cattle. The most popular sires are described below by breed.

 

 

SENEPOL

WC 950K

WC 950-K was used as an AI sire for the first time in 2014. His first calf is shown below his photo. WC 950-K is from Annaly Farms, which is one of the foundation Senepol herds in St. Croix in the Virgin Islands of the Caribbean, where the Senepol breed was developed. This bull is highly reputed as a heifer bull (In 2015, his birth weight epd is in the top 15 percentile among active sires in the Senepol breed). In 2014, several Star heifers were artificially inseminated to this bull. Semen was purchased from Senepol Nova Vida, located in Boca Raton, FL (NovaVida link). Below his photo is a set of photos of his AI son (LR 2-2015). His 2 year-old, yellow Star dam was sired by PCC R2R Simon (a registered Red Angus bull) and his maternal grand sire is Honey Bear (a Tuli bull). This red bull calf is slick coated and weighed 78 pounds at birth. It was an easy birthing that took less than one hour. In 2014, he was wintered on his dam,and weaned at 10 months of age without energy or protein supplements. In 2016, she birthed the first calf among her 2 year-old heifer cohorts. In summer of 2016, LR 2-2015 was used for breeding to Star cows that had less Senepol ancestry according to their pedigrees.

 

Alpha-2010Nocona was born as an AI/ET calf in Normandee, Texas, and was owned by Dee Anderson. His pedigree bears as paternal great-grandparents both the King and Queen of the Senepol breed (WC 83P – The King and CN 702) who were both born on St. Croix and later among the first shipment of live, slick-coated Senepol cattle exported to the U.S. As a young bull, he had an outstanding body conformation and was purchased by a breeder from Paraguay where he soon became the poster bull of the Senepol breed in South America. His semen was sold by Alta Genetics of Brazil (Nocona video). Later, he became a popular AI bull in Australia. Lukefahr Ranch has purchased semen from Bovine Elite (an AI company) and from Dee Anderson. Below Nocona’s photo is one of his daughters, LR Alpha, whose dam was a Tuli x Red Angus crossbred.

LR PetuniaA purebred son of Nocona (CD Nocona 03M), a purebred Senepol, leased from the owner (Dee Anderson) for breeding by natural matings in 2003, resulting in several daughters and one son that were saved as herd replacements.Below his photo is one of his daughters that was out of a Simmental x Beefmaster cow.

Kathy-2013A purebred son of 03M, Nocona’s Buddy, who was born on Lukefahr Ranch and later was registered. Buddy sired several crossbred sons and daughters that were retained and sold for breeding. This bull was later sold to Greg Edelen of Edelen Farms in Alice, Texas, who operates a cattle breeding and grassfed business. Greg also saved several of his daughters for breeding. Below this bull’s photos is one of his daughters.

Blondie-2013In 2010 and 2011, AI calves were born at Lukefahr Ranch that were sired by the famous Senepol bull, Blondie, who was born in 1986 and became a popular sire at Castle Nugent Farms on the island of  St. Croix, home of the Senepol breed. Many outstanding Senepol bulls and cows at this ranch have Blondie in their pedigrees. He also had the reputation of being a good heifer bull (he has a negative birth weight epd). In 1994, he was shipped to the U.S. where he was also widely used at Prime Rate Ranch in Florida. Semen from Blondie was purchased from Art Martinez for use on Lukefahr Ranch. It is also anticipated that because of his lighter color, further genetic improvement for heat tolerance might be conferred to his offspring. Below Bondie’s photo is one of his daughters at 2 years of age that is light colored although her STAR dam was red colored. She wintered her first calf and was pregnant with her second while being fed no hay or energy or protein supplements.

TULI

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Riverview Zungani or “Honey Bear ” (top photo) – The first Tuli bull imported to North America. His parents (Kikame (EPDs) and Insiza (EPDs) were shipped as frozen embryos from Zimbabwe to Australia (Pedigree and Gene Flow Chart).These embryos were produced from an elite group of Tuli cattle that were collected by CSIRO scientists, including Dr. John Frisch, a renown tropical beef cattle geneticist. Later, according to USDA-MARC research studies involving AI use of Tuli bulls from Australia, revealed that Kikame had a 98% score for unassisted calvings and 91% of his Tuli X Angus F1 calves graded Choice or Prime. Honey Bear was sold in a CSIRO dispersal sale as an embryo to Riverview Tuli Stud. As a two year-old (photo) he was purchased by two ranchers and shipped from Australia to Texas. Later, his semen was sold by Bovine Elite and Elgin Breeders Service. At Lukefahr Ranch, Honey Bear has consistently sired light-weight calves and with lots of vigor at birth. His daughters consistently have strong maternal instincts, superb udders and small teats, gentle dispositions, and good body condition. Below Honey Bears’ photo is a slideshow of several his daughters.

Lily-2013bA son of Honey Bear, “Buddy” and a purebred Tuli (Pedigree) that was leased from the owner (John Stanley) for breeding in 2008.His dam, Calberta Jayne, was the result of an original collection of embryos from Zimbabwe that were exported to Canada. Buddy produced five daughters and two sons that were selected as herd replacements. A photo of one of his daughters is shown below his photo.

RED ANGUS

Fall 13 013On April 16, 2012, I purchased the above purebred Red Angus bull, PCC R2R Simon, at the Spring Bull Sale of Pharo Cattle Company. At the time of purchase this bull was in the top 1% for Maintenance Energy EPDs and top 8% for Stayability (probability of daughters remaining in the herd by 6 years of age) for the entire breed. Simon also had a 66 pound birth weight and later at maturity was small to moderate in frame size. In addition, as a bull calf developed by PCC R2R, he scored high compared to his contemporaries for intra-muscular fat (marbling) from consuming grass but no grain. Below is his pedigree and performance information from the RAAA website:

simon-ra-epd-ped

He also had a very gentle disposition. In early July 2013, he passed a fertility test before being exposed to cows that were mostly Senepol- and Tuli-influenced. For three years, most of his daughters were saved as LR herd replacements. Here are photos of his PCC sire and R2R dam (courtesy Richard Luciano, R2R Ranch) (Sire; Dam). Lastly, below Simon’s pedigree is a photo of one of his sons (LR 7-2013) that is 5/8 Red Angus, 1/4 Senepol, and 1/8 Tuli. He has been used as a breeding bull for several years in Riviera, TX, and is owned by Cindy and Joe Flores.

 

LCHMN Bandito Tres (top) and LCHMN None Better (bottom) -Two popular Red Angus bulls whose dam was, Leachman’s Eleanor (photo below) , for years was referred to as the “Queen” of the Red Angus breed, who incidentally was cloned. These bulls either have EPD’s near zero for birth weight with high accuracies (i.e., they are more representative rather than extreme for the Red Angus breed) or have favorable calving ease direct (CED), heifer pregnancy (HPG) and/or stayability EPD’s.

The next photo is of LCC Above and Beyond. He is the sire of 2009 fall calves that are three-breed crosses. His maternal grandsire is the sire of Bandito Tres (Robinhood who was a popular son of King Rob) who is also a direct descendant of  Leachman’s Eleanor. Above and Beyond has an incredible -8.6 birth weight EPD with 94% accuracy, classifying him in the top 1 percentile relative to proven sires of the Red Angus breed, based on the Spring 2011 genetic evaluation. Red Angus photos are courtesy of American Breeders Service.

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Cow Fertility Results

For 2018 the overall cow and heifer pregnancy rate was 95.1%. Over 90% of the cows conceived in their first heat cycle, despite the brutally high temperature and humidity levels during the breeding season (mid-July through August). Cows at Lukefahr Ranch are not pampered; if they do not adapt they are culled. In 2017 the average feed cost per cow was $4.04. No hay was fed during the winter. The photo features a Star cow with her Mashona-sired heifer calf.